Considerations on the Construction of a Data Center
This section of our site analyzes with an examination of critical physical infrastructure, such as piecemeal implementation of this architecture has actually caused the proliferation of complex and often unreliable infrastructure. even the best strategies for designing integrated infrastructure “End to End” can support emerging technologies are also described in relation to the following five areas:
- Power supply: in five essential requirements for supplying the data centers and examples of UPS configuration (UPS);
- Cooling: models for calculating the cooling requirements, strategies for the cooling of large environments, configuration of the air distribution paths, best practices for the cooling of areas with high density installations;
- Wiring: types of cables available and usable for high bandwidths, cable runs, implementation of routes, racks and enclosures for housing cables, best practices for cable management;
- Grounding: Standard for the grounding of the Data Center, characteristics of grounding systems. Security of Data Center: online and offline;
- Safety and fire protection: characteristics of fire-extinguishing systems.
Those responsible for the data center today prefer to adopt strategies to optimally align IT infrastructures with business strategies, improve efficiency at the operational level and guarantee the availability of technological platforms to ensure the continuous expansion over time. Solutions Enterprise Data Center Network Architecture is complete and versatile network architectures that enable companies to quickly solve the problems of consolidation, business continuity and protection activities, and allow at the same time to create service-oriented architectures and immediate accessibility IT services. This architecture allows IT managers to deploy technologies to satisfy their immediate needs and to support the future expansion of services and applications. The most important elements of Enterprise Data Center Network Architecture consist of the physical infrastructure: power, cooling, physical housing, cabling, physical security and fire protection that allow IT equipment to function optimally. Some companies in the sector, using the acronym NCPI (Network-Critical Physical Infrastructure, critical physical infrastructure for the network) to refer to this group of elements:
- Power: the power infrastructure elements include admission to technical rooms containing electrical equipment in buildings, the main distribution system, generators, UPS, batteries, protection systems over-voltage, transformers, distribution panels and circuit breakers.
- Cooling: the systems that remove heat from data centers include the CRAC units (air conditioners for rooms housing computer) and subsystems associated with it, such as chillers, cooling towers, condensers, pipelines, pump units, piping and systems cooling rack or file.
- Wiring: to optimize the performance and flexibility required cables are used in various materials and with more types of connectors. A correct management of systems ensures the long-term integrity of the individual components. In these web pages also describe the characteristics of the power cables.
- Racks and physical structures: the most critical elements are represented by the rack structures housing IT equipment, the local elements such as lowered ceilings and raised floors, and the paths used for routing cables.
- Management: In order to have reliable infrastructure is essential to have control of all the physical components. This category of elements also includes other types of systems, such as those used for the management of the buildings, of the network, of the elements, and for the control of hardware and software components.
- Grounding: This category includes both the network connection that the grounding methods are useful for protecting data center equipment from electrostatic discharge, overcurrent and thunderbolt
- Physical security and fire protection: This category includes subsystems such as physical security devices installed in the premises and in the rack, and fire prevention and extinguishing systems.